邓州| 勃利| 钦州| 罗源| 罗田| 巴楚| 黔江| 中卫| 茶陵| 高阳| 陆丰| 榕江| 金门| 略阳| 湘东| 胶南| 汝城| 桂林| 察哈尔右翼中旗| 惠山| 安乡| 澳门| 娄烦| 遵义市| 郧西| 方城| 通州| 吴川| 景洪| 万州| 辽源| 抚顺县| 西平| 五寨| 宁安| 民和| 始兴| 昌图| 双桥| 威宁| 安阳| 鹿邑| 鹿邑| 泸县| 哈巴河| 溆浦| 饶阳| 临桂| 广宗| 咸丰| 阳信| 保定| 芒康| 北票| 贺兰| 嘉黎| 召陵| 富阳| 南海镇| 琼中| 天全| 元谋| 南海| 泽普| 内蒙古| 贺州| 镇雄| 重庆| 巫溪| 泽普| 相城| 海淀| 富民| 四平| 永济| 墨脱| 荥阳| 二连浩特| 宜君| 武定| 尼勒克| 蓬溪| 江源| 寻甸| 鹿泉| 瑞安| 阜新蒙古族自治县| 阳山| 昌图| 成安| 南宫| 施秉| 乐安| 台南市| 松阳| 呼玛| 新城子| 萝北| 南山| 新县| 独山子| 龙游| 石龙| 偏关| 曲阳| 双峰| 南岳| 弥渡| 大龙山镇| 通榆| 秀山| 峨眉山| 阿荣旗| 蓬莱| 新余| 平江| 平利| 霍林郭勒| 万年| 宽城| 泾源| 青岛| 通城| 马尾| 新县| 桂林| 徽县| 洪雅| 略阳| 中阳| 兰坪| 唐河| 河北| 广州| 息烽| 邗江| 江山| 密山| 炉霍| 海口| 尼勒克| 永春| 苗栗| 临县| 广丰| 阳高| 丰都| 通道| 九寨沟| 随州| 灵璧| 纳雍| 光山| 思茅| 和顺| 寿宁| 库尔勒| 周至| 海丰| 平江| 蒙城| 内黄| 壤塘| 五指山| 双流| 鲁山| 峨眉山| 澳门| 朗县| 孝感| 贡嘎| 开封市| 友好| 贵南| 汉阴| 灞桥| 泉州| 理县| 通城| 阿坝| 新兴| 金湖| 贾汪| 长汀| 林甸| 黔江| 咸阳| 潼关| 高州| 赤峰| 台江| 隆化| 昭苏| 南康| 岳阳县| 门头沟| 红古| 奎屯| 泾县| 库尔勒| 岱山| 新邵| 惠安| 晴隆| 湖北| 芮城| 岗巴| 合肥| 澄江| 大冶| 额尔古纳| 湄潭| 凤庆| 新龙| 乌当| 万载| 淮安| 双城| 罗城| 布拖| 建水| 吴起| 雅安| 当雄| 平罗| 乐东| 浠水| 礼县| 远安| 龙游| 荣昌| 汨罗| 若羌| 乌兰察布| 兰西| 潞西| 大足| 忻城| 梅里斯| 察隅| 祁东| 新化| 灞桥| 道真| 建水| 池州| 益阳| 中方| 科尔沁右翼中旗| 连江| 新宾| 花垣| 新宾| 双辽| 环江| 遂宁| 枣阳| 龙山| 五莲| 威信| 含山| 虞城| 文昌|

中国首艘国产航母命名 最高票竟然是“台湾号”

2019-05-25 21:57 来源:中国贸易新闻

  中国首艘国产航母命名 最高票竟然是“台湾号”

  PhototakenonJune10,2018showsagiantpandabornlastyearattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterfortheGiantPandaplaysonasunnyday.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/AnYuan)PhototakenonJune10,2018showsagiantpandabornthisyearattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterfortheGiantPandaplaysonasunnyday.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/AnYuan)PhototakenonJune10,2018showsagiantpandabornthisyearattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterfortheGiantPandaplaysonasunnyday.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/AnYuan)PhototakenonJune10,2018showsagiantpandabornthisyearattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterfortheGiantPandaplaysonasunnyday.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/AnYuan)PhototakenonJune10,2018showsagiantpandabornthisyearattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterfortheGiantPandaplaysonasunnyday.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/AnYuan)PhototakenonJune10,2018showsagiantpandabornthisyearattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterfortheGiantPandaplaysonasunnyday.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/AnYuan)PhototakenonJune10,2018showsagiantpandabornthisyearattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterfortheGiantPandaplaysonasunnyday.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/AnYuan)PhototakenonJune10,2018showsgiantpandasbornthisyearattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterfortheGiantPandaplayonasunnyday.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/AnYuan)AcollectionofvintagevehiclesisondisplayattheOldVehiclesCulturalMuseuminTaiyuanCity,ShanxiProvince,June7,,motorcycles,andtractorsfrommorethantencountries,with90percentofthemstillabletostart.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuJunjie)AcollectionofvintagevehiclesisondisplayattheOldVehiclesCulturalMuseuminTaiyuanCity,ShanxiProvince,June7,,motorcycles,andtractorsfrommorethantencountries,with90percentofthemstillabletostart.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuJunjie)AcollectionofvintagevehiclesisondisplayattheOldVehiclesCulturalMuseuminTaiyuanCity,ShanxiProvince,June7,,motorcycles,andtractorsfrommorethantencountries,with90percentofthemstillabletostart.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuJunjie)AcollectionofvintagevehiclesisondisplayattheOldVehiclesCulturalMuseuminTaiyuanCity,ShanxiProvince,June7,,motorcycles,andtractorsfrommorethantencountries,with90percentofthemstillabletostart.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuJunjie)AcollectionofvintagevehiclesisondisplayattheOldVehiclesCulturalMuseuminTaiyuanCity,ShanxiProvince,June7,,motorcycles,andtractorsfrommorethantencountries,with90percentofthemstillabletostart.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuJunjie)

BicyclecartsandbamboobirdcagesQianmenDashilar2015.(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)Inthe1990s,whiletravelingthroughBeijingtowardsouthwestChinaIwouldalwaysspendafewdaysincreasingmyknowledgeofthecity’“Qianmen-Dashilar”appearedinmydiarynotesfromthosedays—anareaIdiscoveredtobebustlingwithstreetlifewhileretainingmuchofthecapital,acafeoverlookingthemassiveZhengyangmenGatecomplex,Iatebreakfast,satatthewindowanddreamed—dreamsofBeijing,theareaIwasinanditsmanyfacetsandepisodeswithinthecity’,butthelocalnameWestHeyanStreet,orWestRiverbankStreet,(ArrowTower)isonthecity’,“FrontGate”oftheMingDynastywallsseparatingtheimperialgrandeurofthenorthfromthevibrant,,re,(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)ItwassouthalongthatroutetheemperorswouldbecarriedtowardstheTempleofHeavenforritualceremoniesbutitwasalsothroughtheJianloupassagewaywhereofficialsandtheirfamilieswouldemergeintothebustlingareasofQianmenandDashilar,ascommerceandentertainmentwektoweroftheformerZhengyangmenRailwayStation—theoriginal“Beijingstation”,,andanelemen,(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)Nextdoor,onQianmenEastStreet,theBeijingPlanningExhib,andbeamazedatthehaphazardlenortharoundDongsi,XisiandZhonggulou,’snarrowestalley,Qianshior“moneymarket”Hutong,,with26mintsproducingcoppercoinsforthecity’,particularlyitswesternside,washometoseveralofChina’searlyfinancialhouses—indeed,walkalongWestHeyanStreetandthereareseverallargeEuropeanclassica,,,atthattime,fascinatingdiscoveriesthroughareasofmainlylow-riseresidentialandcommercialbuildings,includingthe“UndergroundCity”—amazeofanti-nuclearevacuationtunnelsthatwereopentovisitorsatthattime,(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)How,itsfamed“TimeHonoredBrands”—shopsrenownedfortheirhats,silks,foodstuffs,’sfirstcinema,Daguanlou,,featuringasculptureofthefatherofChinesecinema,dong,,itsprestige,runningsouthfromQianmentoZhushikouWestStreet,datesfrom2008andwasmodified,DashilarWestStreetwaspedestrianizedintoacommerciallaneandhomeforlocalprodu(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)Simplyleavingthemainbywaycanleadintoalleyslinedwi—therewouldbemanycol,DashilarisbeingseenbytravelguideslikeLonelyPlanetasbecominga”hip”’slocal-styleArtDecobuildingsbecomingcentersforcontemporaryart,erseasbackpackersandtravelers,peoplewhoprefertospendtimeinlocalareasfilleoundingrooftops,whilelookingdownonthevarietyofdomesticandWester’,studentsoftengohomebybicyclecarts,,Tan’erleadstonorth-runningYanshouStreet,shistory,andforaphotographer,aplacetoca(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)TodaytheQianmen-DashilararearemainsasasmallenclavewithinthegreaterareaofBeijing,butitsmanysurviving,twisting,mindedmemoreofavillagewithinacity,ramswhileschoolchildrenplayedont,—thepeoplewhomakethisoneofthemostfascinatingpartsofoldBeijingtoexplore,andwhere(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)QianmenDajieandJianlouTower2015.(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)Remindersofthepast-formerhomesandformerfactorybuildingsineasternQianmen2015.(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)RooftopsandtraditionalbuildingsofDashilarandQianmen2015.(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)Schoolisout!TanerHutong2015.(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)TheschoolrunTanerHutongDashilar2015.(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)ThesecuritymanandvistortoDashilar2015.(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)TraditionalfoodsinDashilar2015.(PhotobyBruceConnolly/)SouvenirsmadefortheDPRK-USAsummit,includinganotebookandafan,areseenattheInternationalMediaCenteratF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)SouvenirsmadefortheDPRK-USAsummit,includinganotebookandafan,areseenattheInternationalMediaCenteratF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)SouvenirsmadefortheDPRK-USAsummit,includinganotebookandafan,areseenattheInternationalMediaCenteratF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)SouvenirsmadefortheDPRK-USAsummit,includinganotebookandafan,areseenattheInternationalMediaCenteratF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)

  ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/XuFangqing)ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/XuFangqing)ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/XuFangqing)ReportersqueuetoentertheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/LiYang)ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/LiuZhen)BrocadepaintingTheDrunkenBeautydisplayedattheParisChinaCulturalCenteronJune5,2018.()ExhibitionReconstruction:TechniquesandDesignofChineseSilkopenCultureDepartment,andorganizedbytheChinaNationalSilkMuseum,theexhibitionisanotherhighlightoftheChineseCultureandTourismMinistrysinternationalprogramofChinaWeek:InheritanceandInnovat,thenewexhibitionpresentsthetechniquesandcharmoftheancientChinesesilkthroughfoursub-themes:Broderie,Impression,Tissage,andTeinture,thatis,embroidery,printing,nJune5,2018.()ZhouWei,theevent’scuratorandassistanttothedirectoroftheChinaNationalSilkMuseum,saidtheexhibitioninfusednewdesignswithtraditionalcraftsman,thecenteralsoheldapubliclectureon"ReconstructionofChineseSilksDesignMaterials"onJune4,andanindustrialexchangemeetingthemed"Reconstruction:TechniquesandDesignofSilk"()Theindustryexchangemeetingon"Reconstruction:TechniquesandDesignofSilk"isheldattheParisChinaCulturalCenteronJune5,2018.()TheexhibitionhallofTeinture.()AmodelshowsasilkflowerdressattheParisChinaCulturalCenteronJune5,2018.()AmodelsshowsasilkdressattheParisChinaCulturalCenteronJune5,2018.()AmodelshowssilkscarvesandhandbagsattheParisChinaCulturalCenteronJune5,2018.()VisitorslookatanembroidereddressattheParisChinaCulturalCenteronJune5,2018.()

  PhototakenonJune6,2018showscustomsenforcementofficersinIstanbul’sPendikporthavecaughtundocumentedmigrants,wrappedinaluminumfoiltohidefromx-raydetectors,onan18-wheeltruckenroutetoItaly.(Photo/Agencies)PhototakenonJune6,2018showscustomsenforcementofficersinIstanbul’sPendikporthavecaughtundocumentedmigrants,wrappedinaluminumfoiltohidefromx-raydetectors,onan18-wheeltruckenroutetoItaly.(Photo/Agencies)Thislow-angleself-portraitofNASAsCuriosityMarsrovershowsthevehicleatthesitefromwhichitreacheddowntodrillintoarocktargetcalled"Buckskin"onlowerMountSharp.(Photo/Agencies)NASA’sCuriosityroverhasfoundnewevidencepreservedinrocksonMarsthatsuggeststheplanetcouldhavesupportedancientlife,aswellasnewevidenceintheMart,thesefindingsareagoodsignforfuturemissionsexploringtheplanet’“tough”organicmoleculesinthree-billion-year-oldsedimentaryrocksnearthesurface,aswellasseasonalvariationsinthelevelsofm,andalsomayincludeoxygen,,organicmoleculesalsocanbecreatedbynon-biologicalprocessesandarenotnecessarilyindicatorsoflife.“Withthesenewfindings,Marsistellingustostaythecourseandkeepsearchingforevidenceoflife,”saidThomasZurbuchen,associateadministratorfortheScienceMissionDirectorateatNASAHeadquarters,inWashington.“I’mconfidentthatourongoingandplannedmissionswillunlockevenmorebreathtakingdiscoveriesontheRedPlanet.”Thisself-portraitofNASAsCuriosityMarsroverobtainedFebruary4,2018showsthevehicleonVeraRubinRidge,whichitsbeeninvestigatingforthepastseveralmonths,directlybehindtheroveristhestartofaclaywherenorthisontheleftandwestisontheright,withGaleCratersrimonthehorizonofbothedges.-’sCuriosityroverhasfoundnewevidencepreservedinrocksonMarsthatsuggeststheplanetcouldhavesupportedancientlife,aswellasnewevidenceintheMart,thesefindingsareagoodsignforfuturemissionsexploringtheplanet’“tough”organicmoleculesinthree-billion-year-oldsedimentaryrocksnearthesurface,aswellasseasonalvariationsinthelevelsofm,andalsomayincludeoxygen,,organicmoleculesalsocanbecreatedbynon-biologicalprocessesandarenotnecessarilyindicatorsoflife.“Withthesenewfindings,Marsistellingustostaythecourseandkeepsearchingforevidenceoflife,”saidThomasZurbuchen,associateadministratorfortheScienceMissionDirectorateatNASAHeadquarters,inWashington.“I’mconfidentthatourongoingandplannedmissionswillunlockevenmorebreathtakingdiscoveriesontheRedPlanet.”

AguestvisitsgiantpandaMengmengatBerlinZooinBerlin,Germany,June9,,thetwopandasfromChina,arrivedinBerlinonJune24,sstayhereinBerlinZoo.(Xinhua/ShanYuqi)AgirlpickspandasouvenirsatBerlinZooinBerlin,Germany,June9,,thetwogiantpandasfromChina,arrivedinBerlinonJune24,sstayhereinBerlinZoo.(Xinhua/ShanYuqi)AguesttakesphotosofgiantpandaJiaoqingatBerlinZooinBerlin,Germany,June9,,thetwopandasfromChina,arrivedinBerlinonJune24,sstayhereinBerlinZoo.(Xinhua/ShanYuqi)GuestsvisitgiantpandaJiaoqingatBerlinZooinBerlin,Germany,June9,,thetwopandasfromChina,arrivedinBerlinonJune24,sstayhereinBerlinZoo.(Xinhua/ShanYuqi)PandasouvenirsareseenatBerlinZooinBerlin,Germany,June9,,thetwopandasfromChina,arrivedinBerlinonJune24,sstayhereinBerlinZoo.(Xinhua/ShanYuqi)PandasouvenirsareseenatBerlinZooinBerlin,Germany,June9,,thetwopandasfromChina,arrivedinBerlinonJune24,sstayhereinBerlinZoo.(Xinhua/ShanYuqi)

  WorkersworkataconstructionsiteoftheBeijing-Zhangjiakouhigh-speedrailwayinZhangjiakou,northChinasHebeiProvince,June11,,connectingChinascapitalBeijingandZhangjiakouofnorthChinasHebeiProvince,isdesignedataspeedof350kilometersperhourandisexpectedtobeputintouseattheendof2019.(Xinhua/YangShiyao)WorkersworkataconstructionsiteoftheBeijing-Zhangjiakouhigh-speedrailwayinZhangjiakou,northChinasHebeiProvince,June11,,connectingChinascapitalBeijingandZhangjiakouofnorthChinasHebeiProvince,isdesignedataspeedof350kilometersperhourandisexpectedtobeputintouseattheendof2019.(Xinhua/YangShiyao)WorkersworkataconstructionsiteoftheBeijing-Zhangjiakouhigh-speedrailwayinZhangjiakou,northChinasHebeiProvince,June11,,connectingChinascapitalBeijingandZhangjiakouofnorthChinasHebeiProvince,isdesignedataspeedof350kilometersperhourandisexpectedtobeputintouseattheendof2019.(Xinhua/YangShiyao)WorkersworkataconstructionsiteoftheBeijing-Zhangjiakouhigh-speedrailwayinZhangjiakou,northChinasHebeiProvince,June11,,connectingChinascapitalBeijingandZhangjiakouofnorthChinasHebeiProvince,isdesignedataspeedof350kilometersperhourandisexpectedtobeputintouseattheendof2019.(Xinhua/YangShiyao)WorkersworkataconstructionsiteoftheBeijing-Zhangjiakouhigh-speedrailwayinZhangjiakou,northChinasHebeiProvince,June10,,connectingChinascapitalBeijingandZhangjiakouofnorthChinasHebeiProvince,isdesignedataspeedof350kilometersperhourandisexpectedtobeputintouseattheendof2019.(Xinhua/YangShiyao)

  SouvenirsmadefortheDPRK-USAsummit,includinganotebookandafan,areseenattheInternationalMediaCenteratF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)SouvenirsmadefortheDPRK-USAsummit,includinganotebookandafan,areseenattheInternationalMediaCenteratF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)SouvenirsmadefortheDPRK-USAsummit,includinganotebookandafan,areseenattheInternationalMediaCenteratF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)SouvenirsmadefortheDPRK-USAsummit,includinganotebookandafan,areseenattheInternationalMediaCenteratF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)SingaporeanPrimeMinisterLeeHsienLoong(R)meetswithKimJongUn,chairmanoftheWorkersPartyofKorea(WPK)andchairmanoftheStateAffairsCommissionoftheDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKorea(DPRK),inSingapore,onJune10,2018.(Xinhua/ThenChihWey)SingaporeanPrimeMinisterLeeHsienLoong(R)shakeshandswithKimJongUn,chairmanoftheWorkersPartyofKorea(WPK)andchairmanoftheStateAffairsCommissionoftheDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKorea(DPRK),inSingapore,onJune10,2018.(Xinhua/ThenChihWey)

  FolkartistZhangBinmakesdoughfigurinesinanintangibleculturalheritagefairinShenyang,capitalofnortheastChinasLiaoningProvince,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/YaoJianfeng)PeoplevisitChineseculturalheritageartexhibitioninGuangzhou,southChinasGuangdongProvince,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/LuHanxin)ApersonvisitsChineseculturalheritageartexhibitioninGuangzhou,southChinasGuangdongProvince,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/LuHanxin)InkstoneamateurscompeteinaninkstonecarvingcontestinWuyuan,eastChinasJiangxiProvince,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/SongZhenping)AchildgetshissugarpaintinginanintangibleculturalheritagefairinShenyang,capitalofnortheastChinasLiaoningProvince,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/YaoJianfeng)AfolkartistcommunicateswithonlineaudienceinnorthChinasTianjinMunicipality,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/LiRan)

  FormerprofessionalfootballstarDavidBeckhamplayscuju,knownastheoriginofmodernfootball,attheBengbuAncientBuildingsExpoParkaheadofthe2018G-EXPOGlobalTopSummitinBengbuCity,EastChina’sAnhuiProvince,June6,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhongXin)FormerprofessionalfootballstarDavidBeckhamplayscuju,knownastheoriginofmodernfootball,attheBengbuAncientBuildingsExpoParkaheadofthe2018G-EXPOGlobalTopSummitinBengbuCity,EastChina’sAnhuiProvince,June6,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhongXin)AChinesewhitedolphinsportsintheSanniangwanseaareainQinzhouCity,southChinasGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June10,2018.(Xinhua/ZhouHua)AChinesewhitedolphinsportsintheSanniangwanseaareainQinzhouCity,southChinasGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June10,2018.(Xinhua/ZhouHua)AChinesewhitedolphinsportsintheSanniangwanseaareainQinzhouCity,southChinasGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June10,2018.(Xinhua/ZhouHua)AChinesewhitedolphinsportsintheSanniangwanseaareainQinzhouCity,southChinasGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June10,2018.(Xinhua/ZhouHua)

  TheSoyuzMS-09spacecra,AlexanderGerstofGermanyandcosmonautSergeyProkopyevofRussiablastsofftotheInternationalSpaceStation(ISS)fromthelaunchpadattheBaikonurCosmodrome,Kazakhstan,June6,2018.(Photo/Agencies)TheSoyuzMS-09spacecra,AlexanderGerstofGermanyandcosmonautSergeyProkopyevofRussiablastsofftotheInternationalSpaceStation(ISS)fromthelaunchpadattheBaikonurCosmodrome,Kazakhstan,June6,2018.(Photo/Agencies)TheSoyuzMS-09spacecra,AlexanderGerstofGermanyandcosmonautSergeyProkopyevofRussiablastsofftotheInternationalSpaceStation(ISS)fromthelaunchpadattheBaikonurCosmodrome,Kazakhstan,June6,2018.(Photo/Agencies)TheSoyuzMS-09spacecra,AlexanderGerstofGermanyandcosmonautSergeyProkopyevofRussiablastsofftotheInternationalSpaceStation(ISS)fromthelaunchpadattheBaikonurCosmodrome,Kazakhstan,June6,2018.(Photo/Agencies)

  Eightetiquettevolunteersposeforaphotoatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,000volunteershavebeenmobilizedtoofferservicesforthesummit,fromassistingwithguestsarrivalanddeparture,translation,andmediarequests,totheoperationofcityfunctionssuchastransportation,telecommunication,andbanks.(Xinhua/LiZiheng),2008showsJiangShifa(R)andhiswifeLianShifangasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao;LowerphototakenonJune5,2018showsthecoupleasvolunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,inQingdao,eastChina,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Photo/Xinhua)JiangShifa(R)andhiswifeLianShifang,volunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,guideatouristinWendengRoadinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)JiangShifa(R)andhiswifeLianShifang,volunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,giveouthandbooksatMingxialuCommunityinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)JiangShifa(R)andhiswifeLianShifang,volunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,gatheratMingxialuCommunityfortraininginQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)JiangShifa(3rdR)andhiswifeLianShifang(2ndR),volunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,guidepassengersatabusstopinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)EtiquetteteacherLuMin(1stR)instructsvolunteersforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,000volunteershavebeenmobilizedtoofferservicesforthesummit,fromassistingwithguestsarrivalanddeparture,translation,andmediarequests,totheoperationofcityfunctionssuchastransportation,telecommunication,andbanks.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)Eightetiquettevolunteersforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitpracticeinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,000volunteershavebeenmobilizedtoofferservicesforthesummit,fromassistingwithguestsarrivalanddeparture,translation,andmediarequests,totheoperationofcityfunctionssuchastransportation,telecommunication,andbanks.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)

  VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)TheSoyuzMS-09spacecra,AlexanderGerstofGermanyandcosmonautSergeyProkopyevofRussiablastsofftotheInternationalSpaceStation(ISS)fromthelaunchpadattheBaikonurCosmodrome,Kazakhstan,June6,2018.(Photo/Agencies)TheSoyuzMS-09spacecra,AlexanderGerstofGermanyandcosmonautSergeyProkopyevofRussiablastsofftotheInternationalSpaceStation(ISS)fromthelaunchpadattheBaikonurCosmodrome,Kazakhstan,June6,2018.(Photo/Agencies)TheSoyuzMS-09spacecra,AlexanderGerstofGermanyandcosmonautSergeyProkopyevofRussiablastsofftotheInternationalSpaceStation(ISS)fromthelaunchpadattheBaikonurCosmodrome,Kazakhstan,June6,2018.(Photo/Agencies)TheSoyuzMS-09spacecra,AlexanderGerstofGermanyandcosmonautSergeyProkopyevofRussiablastsofftotheInternationalSpaceStation(ISS)fromthelaunchpadattheBaikonurCosmodrome,Kazakhstan,June6,2018.(Photo/Agencies)

  

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近期职业教育改革发展和2017年职业教育活动周相关活动介绍
2019-05-25 09:38:38 来源: 教育部网站
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  教育部职业教育与成人教育司

  一、近期职业教育改革发展总体情况

  党的十八大以来,以习近平同志为核心的党中央高度重视职业教育,把职业教育摆在了前所未有的突出位置。习近平总书记站在党和国家发展全局的高度,多次就职业教育作出重要批示指示,多次深入职业院校考察,对加快发展职业教育提出明确要求,强调要“高度重视、加快发展”职业教育。李克强总理非常重视和关心职业教育,多次对加强职业教育作出重要批示、发表重要讲话,要求“努力建成一批高水平的职业学校和骨干专业”。国务院2014年召开全国职业教育工作会议、印发《关于加快发展现代职业教育的决定》,全国人大常委会2015年组织开展《职业教育法》执法检查,全国政协多次就职业教育进行专题研究。在党和国家的高度重视下,我国职业教育进入“黄金时期”,基本建成了现代职业教育体系框架,初步形成了有中国特色的职业教育发展道路,改革发展各项工作实现了历史性的新跨越。

  一是建成了世界上规模最大的职业教育体系,基本具备了大规模培养高素质劳动者和技术技能人才的能力。中职、高职已分别占我国高中阶段教育和普通高等教育的“半壁江山”,2016年全国共有职业院校1.23万所,年招生930.78万人,在校生2680.21万人,每年开展各类培训上亿人次。职业院校共开设近千个专业、近10万个专业点,基本覆盖国民经济各领域。重视把提高职业技能和培养职业精神高度融合,人才培养质量稳步提高,中职毕业生就业率保持在95%以上,高职毕业生半年后就业率超过90%,就业质量持续向好,近70%的职业院校毕业生在县市就近就业,成为支撑中小企业集聚发展、区域产业迈向中高端的生力军。

  二是职业教育与经济社会发展的契合度不断增强,服务国家战略的支撑力进一步提升。建立专业随产业转型升级动态调整的机制,定期更新专业目录,不断优化人才培养结构。服务中国制造2025,实施《制造业人才发展规划指南》,为制造强国建设培养多样化人才。服务脱贫攻坚,实施《职业教育东西协作行动计划》,组织开展东西职业院校协作全覆盖行动、东西中职招生协作兜底行动,支持职业院校全面参与东西劳务协作。服务“一带一路”建设和国际产能合作,在部分行业和地区开展试点,推动职业教育与企业协同“走出去”。服务京津冀协同发展等区域发展战略,推动校企、校际合作,促进区域优质资源共建共享。坚持与国家重大战略的实施融合共进,为职业教育开辟了广阔空间。

  三是职业教育法律法规和制度标准体系基本建立,实现了从“参照普通教育做”走向“依据专门制度和标准办”。以《职业教育法》为引领,形成了涵盖学校设置、专业教学、教师队伍、学生实习、经费投入、信息化建设等一系列制度和标准,特别是建立了生均拨款制度,确保了职业院校的稳定经费投入。建立健全职业教育督导制度、教学工作诊断与改进制度、年度质量报告制度,实施职业院校管理水平提升行动计划等专项措施,促使学校认真落实国家发展职业教育的方针政策、管理规范、教学要求,健全内部质量保证体系,着力提高质量。

  四是逐步形成了具有自身特点的办学体制机制和培养模式,职业教育的办学特色更加彰显。按照“适应需求、面向人人、有机衔接、多元立交”的思路,统筹发展各级各类职业教育,推动职业教育、普通教育、继续教育沟通衔接,推行高职学校与普通高校考试招生相对分开,初步构建了人才成长的“立交桥”。深入推进产教融合、校企合作,国家层面组建了62个行业职业教育教学指导委员会,全国建成约1300个职教集团,广泛开展订单培养、校中厂、厂中校、现代学徒制等,基本形成产教协同发展和校企共同育人的格局。

  五是职业教育经费投入大幅增加,办学条件明显改善,持续发展、促进公平的能力显著增强。2015年全国职业教育财政性经费达2950亿元,比2010年增加1490亿元,增长102.1%,年均增长15.1%。国家实施了一系列重大工程,打造了一批骨干学校、专业和师资,办学面貌为之一新。家庭经济困难学生资助体系逐步健全,中职免学费、助学金分别覆盖超过90%和40%的学生,高职奖学金、助学金分别覆盖近30%和25%以上学生。每年有近300万家庭的子女通过职业教育实现了拥有第一代大学生的梦想,为他们职场成功、人生出彩提供了更多机会。

  六是职业教育发展的环境氛围不断优化,办好职业教育越来越成为社会各界的广泛共识。2015年,国务院决定将每年5月第二周设为“职业教育活动周”, 成为展示和宣传职业教育的一项重要制度设计。每年定期举办全国职业院校技能大赛、中等职业学校“文明风采”竞赛活动,展示职业教育紧跟产业发展、紧贴学生成长取得的成果。近年来,我国政府与联合国教科文组织等国际机构联合举办了第三届国际职业技术教育大会等重大国际会议,面向国外特别是发展中国家实施了一系列人才培训、学校援建项目。我国职业教育的发展理念、模式和成就在国内外广受赞许,以更加开放和自信的姿态走向了世界舞台。

  二、今年职业教育活动周的主题和主要特点

  2015年4月,国务院同意将每年5月第二周设为“职业教育活动周”,至今已成功举办两届。首届活动周主题是“支撑中国制造 成就出彩人生”,第二届主题是“弘扬工匠精神 打造技能强国”。今年适逢党的十九大、“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛、全国教育大会、中华职业教育社建社100周年等重要活动,举办职业教育活动周具有特别重要的意义。今年活动周和相关活动将围绕“共筑职教梦 喜迎十九大”的主题,突出以下几个重要特点:

  一是上下协同、全国动员。国务院领导高度重视活动周和相关活动的举办,连续三年出席活动周全国启动仪式暨全国职业院校技能大赛开幕式。在教育部等部门牵头部署下,各地及时下发活动周通知,很多省(区、市)成立了相应的领导小组和工作机构,统筹协调本地区活动周的开展,作出了周密部署和安排,并提供了充足的人、财、物保障。

  二是党政联动、多方参与。今年活动周的主办单位进一步“扩容”,由教育部、中宣部、人力资源社会保障部、工业和信息化部、共青团中央、中华职教社六部门共同部署举办。全国职业院校技能大赛的主办单位包括37个部委和有关部门。中等职业学校“文明风采”竞赛活动的主办单位包括7个部委和有关部门。这充分体现了各方面对职业教育的高度重视,形成了统筹部署、协同推动的工作布局。

  三是职普协作、全面育人。活动周要求各地要支持中小学校把职业体验观摩活动列为综合实践活动的重要内容,引导中小学校组织学生到职业院校、企业、赛场等进行体验观摩。推动职业院校与普通中学密切联系,开发优质职业技术教育课程和活动项目,纳入普通初中和高中学生综合素质评价内容,为普通中学生做好职业启蒙教育,促进普通教育与职业教育沟通,促进学生的全面发展。

  四是内容丰富、特色鲜明。通过活动周、全国职业院校技能大赛、中等职业学校“文明风采”竞赛活动等,从外部认识、内部改革、育人效果等各个方面,综合展示和宣传职业教育提高质量、促进公平取得的显著成效。活动周期间,还将举办中华优秀传统文化艺术表演赛、职业教育国际研讨会、“一带一路”现代职业教育“鲁班工坊”国际交流活动、“脱贫攻坚 职教帮扶”协同创新发展论坛、“中国制造2025”现代职业教育 装备制造业产教对接会、全国大赛获奖选手就业洽谈会、全国职业院校技能大赛成果展等活动,多角度展示职业教育发展成就和职业院校师生的风采。

  三、今年职业教育活动周和相关活动主要内容

  1. 关于职业教育活动周。今年的活动周在内容上重视做好“四个开放、一个进入”,即开放校园、开放赛场、开放企业、开放院所和进入社区,着力让活动周成为社会了解职业教育、体验职业教育、共享职业教育成果的窗口。去年活动周期间,全国有上万所职业院校开展或参与相关活动,以普通中小学校学生和社区群众为主体的体验参与者超过2000万人次,中央和地方主要媒体对职业教育活动周进行报道4500次以上。今年,各地将围绕上述四个方面,同时也可以根据地方特色增加“自选动作”,继续开展内容丰富、形式多样的活动。

  2. 关于全国职业院校技能大赛。今年是第十届全国职业院校技能大赛。十年来,大赛的内容和形式不断丰富,办赛的规范性和质量不断提高,已经成为促进职业教育改革和扩大社会影响力的重要平台。今年的大赛将于5月8日-6月29日在天津主赛区和吉林、江苏、浙江等19个分赛区举行。大赛共设有常规赛项81个(中职35个,高职46个)、行业特色赛项4个,参赛选手逾万人。特别要说明的是,今年大赛首次设置了行业特色赛项,这是大赛体系中的新类型,对常规赛项进行了丰富和补充。

  3. 关于中等职业学校“文明风采”竞赛活动。中等职业学校“文明风采”竞赛活动,是与学校日常德育工作相结合、以竞赛形式开展的德育实践活动。自2004年以来每年一届,已举办了12届。如果说12年是一个轮回,那么今年要成为一个新的起点。本届竞赛活动从2016年秋季学期开始,各地各校普遍组织开展相关活动,全国共有392万多名学生参加,全国组委会遴选了9490份决赛作品。5月10日,将在青岛举行总结展示,这不仅是对活动本身的总结,更是对中职德育工作的部署和动员。

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